For the Taliban, internal divisions have made it more difficult to implement the agreement between the United States and the Taliban and have raised questions about the Taliban`s useful participation in intra-Afghanistan talks. Although the Taliban`s deputy leader, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, signed the agreement between the United States and the Taliban on behalf of the group, the Taliban are not a monolith. Many different political groups need to be recognized or considered in all negotiations. Some Taliban members have already refused to acknowledge the agreement and some may try to strengthen relations with the Islamic State in Chorasan. Given that some of these groups may not be willing to compromise, the prospect of further fragmentation within the movement could seriously hamper peace efforts. Members of a Taliban delegation, including their chief negotiator, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, leave Russia after peace talks with senior Afghan officials on May 30, 2019 in Moscow. The extent to which Afghan peace negotiations are able to integrate women`s rights, including fundamental human rights, will have an impact on peace opportunities in Afghanistan. Women face barriers at all levels of Afghan society and the number of women in official positions remains low. Because the agreement contains language on various measures that the Afghan government should take, its failure to participate in the talks has created an obstacle to future negotiations and has angered Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials. Specifically, in the agreement, the United States agreed that up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government as a “sign of trust” between the Taliban and the Kabul government by March 10, 2020, and the Taliban would release 1,000 prisoners they keep at the same time. However, the prisoners are held by the Afghan government, not the United States. Since the Afghan government was not part of the agreement, it does not feel obliged to release Taliban prisoners they consider terrorists. The next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government is therefore frozen.
Finally, the agreement stipulates that the United States will begin diplomatic talks with the United Nations to remove Taliban members from the “sanctions list.” On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Afghan Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, to end the long war in Afghanistan. The agreement contains much of the same terms that were agreed in September 2019, but were cut by President Trump.